What does it taste like?
- Stewed fruit
Where is it grown?
Tempranillo, along with garnacha, mazuelo and graciano, is one of the grapes of Rioja. Along with garnacha, tempranillo is the most significant of the four, and it contributes flavours of strawberries, spice and leather to the wine. Such flavours complement the more robust, vibrant fruit of garnacha well, and their combination is to many the very trademark of the region's wines.
In Ribera del Duero, tempranillo is more commonly known as tinto fino or tinta del país. Since this region was awarded DO status (denominación de origen) in 1982, it has been an area of great expansion and development, with a focus on the production of fine wine.
The harsh climate and landscape of the region are well-suited to this tough vine. The winters are cold with frost known to occur in late spring, whilst summers are hot with temperatures reaching 40ºC dropping sharply at night. Here tempranillo produces a deeply coloured, structured wine with firm fruit flavour. The wines take on a more cedary, herbal character than those of neighbouring Rioja, with abundant smoke and fruit flavours.
In Toro, the grape becomes 'tinta de Toro.' Situated furthest from the Portuguese border, along the river Duero, this region pushes the variety's hardy credentials to the limit. With vines planted at high altitude in harsh heat, the thick-skinned, early ripening grape produces an intense and concentrated wine. These wines are rustic in style with black-fruit flavours and huge structure.
Finally, as the 'cencibel' of La Mancha and Valdepeñas, in south central Spain, tempranillo is capable of producing deep, supple reds of real character.
Tempranillo undergoes not one but two name changes in Portugal: it is known as tinta roriz in the north in the Douro and Dão, and aragonez/aragonês in Alentejo. It is perfectly suited to the harsh conditions that prevail in these terrains, from the steeply sloping vineyards, where rocks and stones are more prevalent than soil in the north, to the challenging drought-prone climate of the Alentejo.
One of the most beautiful wine regions in the world, and deservedly Portugal's best known, the Douro leads the way now not merely for port, but fine red table wine, in which tinta roriz is a key player.
Although there is an enormous variety of different terroirs within the valley, it is in essence a sparsely-populated, hot, arid region. Rightly, port shippers now take light wines more seriously, no longer regarding their production as a distraction from the 'real business' of making port. These wines tend to be high in tannin and flavour; the skill of the winemaker is to keep fruit and freshness in the finished wine. This is something that can be achieved by using fruit grown at high altitude.
The region of Alentejo stretches south from the Tagus to the Algarve and east to the border with Spain and covers almost a third of continental Portugal. Aragonez, as the grape is known here, produces a full-flavoured, gutsy red wine with vibrant, red-fruit flavours on the palate. These wines are highly enjoyable and offer excellent value for money.
What style of red wine does tempranillo make?
Tempranillo is a thick-skinned, deeply-coloured grape variety that gives juicy strawberry, spice and leather notes to the great red wines of Rioja and Ribera del Douro. It's also a key grape for making Port. Tempranillo is known as tinta roriz in the Douro and Dão, and aragonez/aragonês in Alentejo (all Portugal). The grape makes wines that can age very well, developing leathery, oaky (vanilla, spice) aromas and flavours with a few years in-bottle.
Where should I start with tempranillo?
Old world: As Spain's flagship red grape you'll find a huge range of tempranillo here, from the finest Gran Reserva Rioja to vibrantly fruity everyday bottles.
New world: Because of its affinity with a Mediterranean climate, tempranillo is finding favour in hotter parts of the world such as the McLaren Vale in South Australia, Argentina and Chile, and plantings are on the increase.
Spain's most famous red grape variety, whose name means 'the small early one', is actually a tough cookie thriving in challenging conditions and producing some of the country's best wines. It operates under a number of different names across the Iberian Peninsula and is a key component of port.Pierre Mansour