What are ‘scopes’ and what do they mean for us?
Under the Greenhouse Gas Protocol of 2001, all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are categorised into three groups or ‘scopes’ largely depending on how much control one has over them.
Scope 1 – These are direct emissions from activities that we undertake, such as a small amount of gas combustion emissions from our boilers, larger vehicle fuel emissions from our own van fleet and the leakage of gas from our air conditioning systems.
Scope 2 – These are emissions produced as a consequence of our direct business activities, but which occur at sources that we do not own or control. For us, this is our purchased electricity. Currently, we reduce the amount of purchased electricity we use through solar panels on the roof of our warehouses which currently generate 30-40% of our requirements.
Our target is by the end of 2028 to have reduced our scope 1 & 2 emissions to as close to zero as possible.
Scope 3 covers all other indirect emissions, both ‘upstream’ – the products that we buy, packaging and shipping – and ‘downstream’ – deliveries by our carriers, e.g. DHL and the disposal or recycling of bottles and cardboard as well as business travel and commuting by employees.
Scope 3 generally accounts for a large part of overall emissions and for us, glass and shipping account for a significant proportion of wine’s overall GHG emissions. Because we are so reliant on working with others in the industry to reduce these emissions, our target is to be certified net zero across our business and supply chain (scopes 1, 2 & 3) by 2040.
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